Amelanchier alnifolia

Season: flowers bloom April and may to June
Fruits begin to develop by midsummer
Habitat: grows in dry woods and open hillsides in well drained soil
Large deciduous shrub or small tree up to 16 feet tall  feet high
Bark: smooth, reddish/grey
Flowers: bloom in April and May, white flowers crowded in drooping clusters, five long petals
Leaves: round to oval leaves, bluish green and sharply toothed around top half
Berries: when ripe are reddish purple to dark blue, fruits each contain two seeds and have waxy outerskin

Ripe juicy berries are mildly sweet
Can be eaten raw or made into jams
Often dried for long term storage or for use in pemmican
Green inner bark (cambium) in anti inflammatory eyewashes, eardrops, and to stop excessive vaginal bleeding
Berries were sometimes used to treat constipation and various stomach disorders
Berry juice makes purple dye

Turner, Nancy J. Food plants of interior First Peoples. Royal BC Museum, 2007.