Otahkaapistsisskits

Arnica ampexicaulis
Literal: yellow flower

Perennial that blooms during its second year of growth and every year thereafter
Habitat: forest clearings to montane meadows
Identification:
Bright yellow 1-4 inch in diameter flowers
Pine sage odor
Blooms: may to july depending on climate
Toxicity: generally safe in topical applications, plant may cause severe gastroenteritis if ingested
Uses:
Medicinal:
Used as a muscle liniment for strains, sprains and bruises
Can be absorbed through the skin to aid in the transport of blood accumulations and other fluids through a dialating action of subcutaneous capillaries
Mix root with oil or cream and rub on externally
An analgesic pain reliever

Aahsowa

Glycyrrhiza lepidota
licorice root


Season: Blooms june to august
Habitat: disturbed sites, roadside ditches, edges of cultivated fields
Pronunciation:

Uses:
Edibility: roots as a cooking spice, chewed raw as a trail snack
Medical:
Known anti inflammatory effects that mimic cortisone in the body
Active ingredient is glycyrrhizin, a compound believed to be effective as an anti-allergenic, anti-convulsive, antibacterial, and antispasmodic medicine.
Successfully used in the treatment of asthma, stomach ulcers, bronchitis, and urinary tract disorders
Warning: prolonged use of large doses of licorice may cause water retention and elevated blood pressure

Apahsipoko

Heuchera cylindrica or H. parvifolia, Alum root
Boil alum root with water
Assists with arthritic pain and works as an astringent to dry wounds.
Can rub on cuts, blisters, or joints (put on olive oil or lotion afterwards since it dries skin
Can be mixed with red leaf or huckleberry tea for flavor as tea

Ka’kitsímo

Mentha, spp., Wild mint
Dry leaves and drink as tea
Relieves stomach pain and nausea
Make tea for colds and sickness
Helps with indigestion
Grows in damp places
Smell good

Otahkoyitsi

Comandra umbellata, Blueroot
Dry roots and boil into tea
Use for pain relief

Aapaawapsspi

Vaccicium spp. Huckleberry


Season: blooms May to July, berries come end of July
Habitat: varies according to species. In mountains of western north america, upland species such as V. globulare or the similar V. membranaceum are among the most common and widespread
Identification:
Small bush
Blue to purple berries
Uses:
Leaves and berries are high in vitamin c
Dry leaves and berries and use as tea
Lowers blood sugar
Improves eyesight

Iitaomaitsimihkio’p

Eriogunum umbellatum, Red leaf A perennial plant that comes in over 41 varieties Height: 12- 24 inches when in flower Habitat: dry climates, rocky sites with shallow sandy soils, good in cold winters, Rocky Mountain area Leaves: Loose mat of mounding spatula shaped leaves. Leaves are green when flower is in bloom with wooly greyish undersides. Late in the season the leaves turn orange and red, this is when they should be harvested. Flower: Yellow, rise 6-12 inches above leaves Season: Flowers from June to September or October depending on elevation Use: Dry leaves and make into tea Use to increase appetite and address stomach pain Can be mixed with huckleberry tea

Áóhtoksó

Achillea millefolium

Yarrow
Literal: pine stem
Season: Blooms beginning in may often lasting throughout the summer
Habitat: Throughout the Northern Hemisphere
Identification:
Flat topped terminal clusters of small, white to pinkish white flowers
Alternate finely dissected feathery leaves
Stems hairy
Uses:
Medicinal:
Dried flowers and leaves most frequently used as an ingredient in various cold remedies, where yarrow is believed to act as an expectorant and analgesic, and to promote sweating

Also said to act as a vascular tonic that may be useful for varicosity

Fresh leaves may be rubbed on skin as temporary but effective insect repellent